Oral mucosal lesions in a Chilean elderly population: A retrospective study with a systematic review from thirteen countries

Please cite this article1 in press as: Rivera C, Droguett D, Arenas-Márquez MJ. Oral mucosal lesions in a Chilean elderly population: A retrospective study with a systematic review from thirteen countries. J Clin Exp Dent. (2017).
DOI: 10.4317/jced.53427.
Full text PDF: goo.gl/vyEogZ

Abstract

Background: The oral examination is an essential part of the multidisciplinary medical care in elderly people. Oral mucosal lesions and normal variations of oral anatomy (OMLs) are very common in this people, but few studies have examined the frequency and prevalence of these conditions worldwide and less in Chile. The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency of OMLs in a Chilean elderly population.
Material and Methods: It was conducted a retrospective study (Talca, Chile). Two hundred seventy-seven OMLs were classified in groups and anatomical sites. In order to contextualize our numbers, we made a systematic review using Publish or Perish software, Google Scholar and InteractiVenn.

denture-related stomatitis

Figure 1. Denture-related stomatitis.

Results: The most prevalent OMLs groups were soft tissue tumors, epithelial pathology, facial pain and neuromuscular diseases, and dermatologic diseases. The most frequent OMLs included irritation fibroma (30 patients, 10.8%), hemangioma (20, 7.2%), burning mouth syndrome (20 cases, 7.2%), oral lichen planus (12, 4.3%) and epulis fissuratum (12, 4.3%). In the systematic review, 75 OMLs were relevant and the more studied pathologies were traumatic ulcerations (11 of 15 articles), oral lichen planus (10/15), irritation fibroma, melanotic pigmentations, and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (9/10, respectively). Considering all included articles, most frequent OMLs in elderly people included denture-related stomatitis (13.3%), irritation fibroma (8.7%) and fissured tongue (6.3%).
Conclusions: The results reflect the frequency of OMLs diagnosed in a specialized service in south of Chile and many countries around the world. These numbers will allow the establishment of preventive politics and adequacy of the clinical services.

Key words: Oral mucosal lesions, elderly people, Chilean population, frequency, systematic review.

Full text PDF: goo.gl/vyEogZ

Reference

1.
Rivera C, Droguett D, Arenas-Marquez M. Oral mucosal lesions in a Chilean elderly population: A retrospective study with a systematic review from thirteen countries. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. 2017:0-0. doi: 10.4317/jced.53427 [Source]
Oral mucosal lesions in a Chilean elderly population: A retrospective study with a systematic review from thirteen countries
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